The Texas Rig is the most famous weedless rig. You have to insert the point of the hook in the head of the softbait and then exit after less than one centimeter. Then you can slide the softbait towards the eye of the hook twisting it so that the point of the hook will be in front of the bait. Now you can insert the point of the hook again in the bait.
It's difficult to explain the procedure, but it's not difficult to do it.
The point of the hook can be left inside the softbait, or just under the skin (skin on top) to have a perfect weedless rig. On the other hand the point can be left outside (exposed) when we are going to cast in a spot free from obstacles.
This rig has been conceived for bass fishing, because the black bass has its favourite habitat in spots that are full of weeds, obstacles and branches, but it can be used for almost all the other predators, both in freshwater and saltwater. The Saltwater fishing technique called "Hard Rock Fishing" (HRF) is mainly based on this rig.
The Texas Rig is very simple but also very customizable, in fact it can have a lot of variants.
The main components of the Texas Rig are line, weight, hook and lure, and in addition you can have some other small parts that will help to have a custom rig.
_Line: usually the line is a nylon or fluorocarbon one, but even a braided line can be used, with a quite long leader. For bass fishing you can use a quite thick line, at least a 10 lb. one, because this rig is very often used in spots that are full of obstacles. Even for saltwater fishing it's better not to use a thinner line.
_Weight: the specific Texas Rig weights are the classical bullet weights, that can be find in different sizes and shapes. The usual weight is from few grams to an ounce, but the most common choices are 1/4, 3/8, 1/2 and 5/8 oz. There are raw lead weights and coloured lead weights, lead weights and tungsten weights, classic shaped weights and rounded or elongated weights. So there is a wide possibility of choice.
_Hook: the classic Texas Rig hook is the offset one; there are offset hooks of any shapes and sizes.
When you use very big softbaits it's always better to use Wide Gap Hooks. One of offset hooks' problems is the fact that they are quit weak, mainly if you use them with saltwater fish; so it's always better to buy "strong" versions of these hooks, with a bigger shank, if you want to use them with powerful saltwater fish.
_Softbait: every kind of softbait can be used with a Texas Rig, but the best ones are definitely Worms, Soft Stickbaits, Creatures, Craws and Soft Jerkbaits. It's just more difficult to use very thin softbaits, like Finesse Worms and Dropshot Worms, which prefer Nose-Hooking Rigs, and too short softbaits, because even the smaller offset hooks are quite long.
_Bead: it's common to put a glass or plastic small bead between the weight and the hook, along the line, that has two main functions: the first one is to protect the knot, because usually the weight hits the knot when we move our softbait, and without a protection, the weight itself can damage the knot; with a bead between the weight and the hook, the weight will hit the bead itself, saving the knot's integrity. The second function is the "attractive" one, in fact the sound of the weight hitting the plastic bead seems to be very attractive for fish, like a sort of "rattle", and it's not only a sonorous attraction, but also from a visual point of view, in facts there beads are usually glow or bright coloured.
_Stopper: it's a small rubber tube that can be fixed on the line, up the weight, just to "stop" the weight itself. It can slide along the line in order to be placed it wherever you want.
The stopper is very important for the rig because it allows to differentiate the two main variants of the Texas Rig:
_Pegged Texas Rig: this version of the Texas Rig needs a stopper or something to keep the weight fixed on the line, in contact with the hook and the softbait. This solution is the best one if you want to cast your bait in very intricate spots, that are exceeded in an easier way with a single "block" softbait-weight. Another version of the Pegged Texas Rig is the Florida Rig (or Screw-In Rig), that consists in using bullet weights equipped with a metal screw, that helps us to fix the bait to the weight without using any kind of stopper.
_Unpegged Texas Rig: in this version of the Texas Rig the weight can slide along the line (we can have a stopper but not close to the bait). There are at least two advantages in having the weight free to move along the line; the first one is connected to the fact that the weight will reach the bottom a lot before the bait, which will follow with a slow, natural descent. The second one is connected to the fish bite, in fact with a lighter and unconstrained bait, the fish bite will be less suspicious. This technique is better if you will fish in open waters or in the sea.
The other possibility is the most simple one:
_Weightless Texas Rig: this rig is substantially a "No-Sinker Rig" and consists in using the Texas method to put the softbait on the hook, but without any weight on the line. This rig is usually used with softbaits which have a high specific weight, so that you can easily cast and move your bait without additional weights.
In the end we can say that the Texas Rig is one of the most customizable rigs in the softbaits fishing world. It can be adapted to many situations, event if it was born and conceived to catch only one fish: the Black Bass.